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  • Writer's pictureDaniel Perez

Seizures in Dogs: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Seizures in dogs are not only distressing events for our pets but also for us, their owners. Watching our cherished furry friends go through such episodes can make us feel powerless and bewildered. However, gaining knowledge about the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for seizures in dogs is fundamental to ensuring we provide them with the best possible care and support.

What Causes Seizures in Dogs?

Several factors can lead to seizures in dogs, ranging from genetic predispositions and underlying health issues to environmental triggers and physical trauma. A prevalent cause is epilepsy, a neurological condition marked by recurring seizures. This condition can be either inherited or emerge without any known cause.

Other health issues such as liver disease, kidney failure, brain tumors, infections, and exposure to toxins can also lead to seizures in our canine companions. It's crucial to consult with a veterinarian who can identify the root cause of the seizures and devise an appropriate treatment strategy.

Symptoms of Seizures in Dogs

The manifestation of seizures in dogs can differ significantly in both appearance and severity. Here are some symptoms that are commonly observed:

  1. Muscle Twitching: Involuntary twitching or jerking movements can be a sign of a seizure.

  2. Loss of Consciousness: Dogs may become unconscious, disoriented, or seem unaware of their surroundings during a seizure.

  3. Foaming at the Mouth: Excessive drooling or foaming at the mouth is frequently seen.

  4. Convulsions: In severe cases, dogs may experience uncontrollable shaking or thrashing movements.

  5. Loss of Bladder or Bowel Control: Involuntary urination or defecation can occur during a seizure.

Documenting any symptoms your dog exhibits during a seizure is vital for providing valuable insights to your vet.

Treatment Options for Seizures in Dogs

The treatment approach for seizures in dogs depends heavily on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. Below are some common treatment methods:

  1. Medication: Drugs such as phenobarbital, potassium bromide, and levetiracetam are often prescribed to manage seizures. These medications aim to decrease the frequency and intensity of seizures, improving your dog's quality of life.

  2. Dietary Changes: A ketogenic diet, high in fats and low in carbohydrates, may benefit some epileptic dogs by helping to control seizures.

  3. Lifestyle Modifications: Adjusting your dog's lifestyle to minimize stress and provide a stable environment can aid in managing seizures. It's also important to avoid potential triggers like toxins or excessive stimulation.


Managing seizures in dogs can be a daunting task, but with the correct diagnosis and treatment, many dogs continue to lead joyful and fulfilling lives. Prompt veterinary care is essential if you suspect your dog is having seizures. A vet can conduct a comprehensive assessment to identify the cause of the seizures and create a tailored treatment plan suited to your dog's needs.

Ensuring a safe and supportive environment for your dog during and after a seizure is crucial, as is adhering to your vet's recommendations for managing the condition. By staying informed about seizures in dogs and maintaining close communication with your vet, you can offer the best care for your cherished pet.

For more information on canine epilepsy and seizures, visit the Canine Epilepsy Network, American Kennel Club - Seizures in Dogs, and The Royal Veterinary College - Seizures in Dogs. These resources provide comprehensive insights into the condition, further assisting pet owners in understanding and managing seizures in dogs.


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