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  • Writer's pictureKarley

Understanding Dog Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Dog diabetes is a common endocrine disorder that affects millions of dogs worldwide. It occurs when a dog's pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or when the body cannot use insulin properly, leading to elevated blood glucose levels. In this blog post, we will explore the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of dog diabetes, and provide links to other sites and professionals in the field.

What is Dog Diabetes?

Dog diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, is a condition where the body is unable to produce or effectively use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the body's blood sugar levels. When insulin levels are too low, blood sugar levels become too high, leading to a variety of health problems.

There are two types of dog diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body is unable to produce enough insulin, while Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body is unable to effectively use insulin.

Causes of Dog Diabetes

Dog diabetes can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, obesity, poor diet, and autoimmune disorders. Certain dog breeds, such as Miniature Schnauzers, Poodles, and Dachshunds, are more susceptible to diabetes than others. Additionally, female dogs are more likely to develop diabetes than male dogs.

Symptoms of Dog Diabetes

The symptoms of dog diabetes can be subtle and develop gradually over time. Common symptoms include increased thirst and urination, weight loss despite an increased appetite, lethargy, and cloudy eyes. If you notice any of these symptoms in your dog, it's important to seek veterinary care.

Diagnosing Dog Diabetes

Diagnosing dog diabetes typically involves a combination of blood tests and urine tests. The vet will measure your dog's blood glucose levels and test for the presence of glucose in the urine. Additional tests, such as a fructosamine test or a glycated hemoglobin test, may be performed to determine your dog's average blood glucose levels over a longer period.

Treating Dog Diabetes

Treating dog diabetes involves a combination of diet, exercise, and medication. Your vet may recommend a special diet that is low in carbohydrates and high in protein to help regulate your dog's blood glucose levels. Exercise is also important for managing diabetes, as it helps the body use insulin more effectively.

The treatment for dog diabetes typically involves insulin therapy, which involves giving the dog regular injections of insulin to help regulate their blood sugar levels. There are also some alternative treatments that may help manage dog diabetes, such as herbal supplements or acupuncture. However, it's important to talk to a veterinarian before starting any alternative treatments.


Dog diabetes is a serious condition that requires careful management to ensure your dog's health and well-being. If you suspect your dog may have diabetes, it's important to seek veterinary care as soon as possible. With the right treatment, many dogs with diabetes can lead happy and healthy lives. For more information about dog diabetes, we recommend visiting the following sites:

  • American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) - Diabetes in Dogs:

  • American Kennel Club (AKC) - Diabetes in Dogs:

  • Veterinary Partner - Diabetes Mellitus in Dogs:


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